Bitcoin Mining: A Comprehensive Guide

Malik Ahsan

Bitcoin Mining

Bitcoin Mining: A Comprehensive Guide. Bitcoin mining is a term everyone knows, as well as many people who aren’t. High-powered computers, also called “nodes,” do this process. They solve hard math questions using computers. Even though they are different, bitcoin mining and mining for valuable metals like gold have some things in common.

Bitcoins exist in the Bitcoin protocol but haven’t been brought out yet. This is similar to how gold lives in the ground but hasn’t been mined yet. But there are two goals behind bitcoin mining. For example, a new Bitcoin is made when the above-mentioned powerful computer or any other mining gear solves the complex math problem on the Bitcoin network. The proof-of-work consensus algorithm, on the other hand, makes the payment network safer by having Bitcoin miners solve the math issues.

Why do we need to mine Bitcoin?

People accept different kinds of printed fiat currencies because central banks back them. In the United States, this is the Federal Reserve. This is true even for digital payments made with real money. Bitcoin, on the other hand, is not controlled by a single group. You could say that the computer power “backs” it up and keeps the network safe. This massive group of computers and mining gear keeps track of deals and ensures they are correct. But unlike central banks, bitcoin miners are spread out worldwide and record information about transactions on a public log that anyone can see. This ledger can be seen with a block explorer, which you can get from many places.

To put it another way, bitcoin mining is needed for two reasons: first, to make new bitcoins, and second, to ensure that the transaction information is correct. This means you could make Bitcoin if you don’t want to buy it. Of course, that depends on whether or not that works well for you as a worker.

What is the process of Bitcoin mining?

Process of Bitcoin mining

Two things must be valid for a Bitcoin miner to get block payouts. First, the miner has to confirm a certain number of transactions. The next step is the hardest: they have to solve a complicated math problem.

A “hash” is a 64-digit hexadecimal number less than or equal to the target hash. Each miner fights with the others to get the soup that is less than or equal to the target hash. The machine will guess all the possible 64-digit numbers and develop different soups at a specific rate every second until it finds the right one. So, computing power is significant. The more powerful your mining gear, the higher the hash rate per second you can get. This is why the tools used to mine Bitcoin are so important. Of course, the mining cost would depend on how much it costs to run, like power, internet, hardware maintenance, and so on.

This is why Bitcoin miners started using tools made just for mining cryptocurrencies in 2013. This type of chip is called Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC mining for short). ASIC mining devices can be costly but work better than regular computers. When you mine Bitcoin, you should think about a few essential things. These are some of its main parts if you will.


Blocks are essential in Bitcoin mining, and you should know them. The information about transactions is stored in files known as blocks. Imagine that this is a page from the history book of your city. The term “blockchain” comes from the fact that unions are linked as a chain in the correct chronological order. Each new block is added to the very end of the chain, and the new blocks that contain newly validated transactions are placed in new blocks as miners confirm them. Because of this, blockchain technology is sometimes referred to as records of blocks.

Block Rewards

Does mining Bitcoin make money? This is likely the question that people ask the most. There is no one answer, which is a shame. Miners are in it to get block benefits. There are also block awards for other cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin Cash, which differs from Bitcoin.

At the start of Bitcoin, each block payment was worth 50 BTC. But because of how the protocol is set up, the block prize is cut in half after 210,000 blocks have been found. This will take about four years to finish. Since July 9, 2016, 12.5 BTC has been given to people who find one block. So, does mining Bitcoin make money? It relies on. Based on the current prices, one would have to figure out the block payment and compare it to the cost of mining, which is different for each miner. It is important to note that in May 2020, the prize for successful Bitcoin miners will drop again. It will decrease from 12.5 BTC per block to 6.25 BTC per block.

Hash Rate

As a straightforward example, the hash rate is the speed at which Bitcoin mining devices can determine the correct hash. So, the faster your hash rate, the more likely someone will find your new block. Bitcoin mining has become very competitive, so you might want to get robust hardware. On the other hand, individual miners can use cloud mining or mine a coin with less challenge, but we’ll talk more about that later.


The difficulty of mining Bitcoin is often modified to keep the average time to process a block at around 10 minutes. For every 2,016 blocks, a new calculation of the rate is performed. If you are curious as to why ten minutes, the answer is that the creators of Bitcoin have determined that this is the amount of time necessary to maintain a consistent and decreasing flow of manufacturing new coins.

Explaining Mining Pools

When mining cryptocurrencies, a mining pool is the combined resources of miners sharing their overall processing capacity over a network to divide the reward evenly based on the amount of work they have contributed to discovering a new block.

Each participant in the mining pool would be given a “share” of the reward if they successfully presented a legitimate partial proof of their effort. As the difficulty of mining bitcoins continued to rise over time, and it became clear that individual miners could no longer compete with larger mining pools and operations, mining pools became increasingly popular. Individual miners could not keep up with more extensive collections and operations.

Cloud Mining: What Is It?

Cloud Mining

On the other hand, cloud mining allows individual miners to participate in the process without spending a lot of money on mining hardware specifically designed for Bitcoin. You can use pooled processing power from remote data centers to participate in Bitcoin mining; still, you don’t want to spend the time and resources necessary to acquire powerful equipment. Bitcoin mining is becoming increasingly popular. In general, there are three distinct approaches to cloud mining that you can make use of. These are the following:

  • Hosted Mining: You can lease a mining machine that the provider hosts.
  • Virtual Hosted Mining: This method would require you to create a virtual private server and install your mining software.

Lease Hash Power

Without investing in the most advanced mining hardware, you may still participate in cloud mining and lease a predetermined amount of hash power. Most service providers make complete calculators available to their customers, and you may use them to estimate the present profitability of your business based on the resources you are willing to spend.

Despite this, it is essential to exercise extreme caution regarding cloud mining because dishonest service providers exist. If you intend to rent hash power, performing adequate and comprehensive research as part of your due diligence is essential. Genesis Mining is now one of the most successful Bitcoin mining firms that offer cloud services.

Things to Keep in Mind Regarding Energy Use

Bitcoin mining is meant to be energy-intensive. Calculating challenging math problems demands a lot of electricity to power specialist mining devices. On the other hand, Bitcoin is the most secure blockchain, requiring more resources to attack than to protect. An entire pseudo-environmentalist brigade tries to convince normal users that Bitcoin mining would kill the world. They argue that massive data centers used for arithmetic computations utilize a lot of electricity. However, Bitcoinists recently identified three reasons why this propaganda is untrue.

Katrina Kelly-Pitou, a sustainable energy researcher, believes the argument on Bitcoin mining plants’ electricity consumption is misguided. The research shows that power use can rise without harming the environment. These facilities gradually use renewable, more efficient energy sources. This reduces environmental effects and boosts mining profits. The researcher said banks consume three times more electricity than Bitcoin.

Additionally, a new analysis found that 80% of Bitcoin mining uses green energy. Mining companies are naturally motivated to find the cheapest and cleanest energy sources, including renewables like hydroelectricity (e.g., Iceland), and are concerned about Bitcoin’s energy consumption. Consider reducing Christmas lights this year. The lights Americans use to decorate their houses for the holidays consume 6.63 billion kilowatt hours of electricity annually. This exceeds the annual energy usage of many poor countries. Ethiopia and El Salvador consume less electricity annually.

But if you decide to build a mining rig in your spare room, you can count on paying more for power than usual the following month.

Tips for Choosing the Best Bitcoin Mining Hardware

Tips for Choosing the Best Bitcoin Mining Hardware

Remember a few essential things when looking for the best Bitcoin mining gear. You will, of course, want to know how much power your miner uses. This number should be as low as possible. As we already said, the hash rate is significant for creating Bitcoin. In general, the machine is better when this number is higher. This number tells you how well your device works. When this number is low, the device will use less electricity to do the same amount of work.

Bitmain Technologies, Canaan Creative, Halong Mining, Innosilicon Technology, and other big names make a wide range of products.

Can You Mine Anything Else?

Not just Bitcoin can be mined. Every altcoin can be mined. But remember that if you’re using specific hardware for cryptocurrency mining, you’ll need to check to see which digital currencies it works with. Some of these devices will only let you mine particular cryptocurrencies. And besides Bitcoin, some other famous options are Bitcoin Cash, Monero, Dogecoin, Litecoin, and so on.


The main ideas behind Bitcoin mining and why it is essential to the network should be clear now if you’ve made it this far. On the other hand, bitcoin mining is an alternative way to get the digital cash. But if you don’t want to put in the time and effort, let alone buy special gear for Bitcoin mining, you can always read our in-depth guide on how to buy cryptocurrencies. We’ve talked in detail about how to use PayPal, a credit card, a debit card, or even cash to buy Bitcoin. We’ve also discussed some of the most well-known places to buy Bitcoin. After that, you can read our guide to Bitcoin wallets to decide if you want a web-based or hardware wallet that you can use offline.


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